One of the most effective and safe ways being used by water facilities today is microbial wastewater treatment. It is a proven method to naturally and effectively cleaning and treating water that contain large amounts of waste. Facilities can maintain a natural population of these microbe agents so that they can continue to use it during all phases of the process.
When the microbe population decreases, as it will do from time to time, it can cause the entire system to slow down and become backed up. Steps will have to be taken to increase the microbes so that they can be added in as desired. Since water facilities have various systems and methods that they will use, they need to decide at which phases they can add in the microbes. The most popular and well known methods are the lagoon system, the suspended film system, and the fixed film system.
Microbes are very versatile and could be placed into the waste water at any stage of the operation. They are highly effective when implemented during the second phase of the process. If used during the initial phase, they can contribute to a quicker process, especially when using the lagoon system since it requires a few months to complete.
When the microbe matter is put into the water during the primary phase of cleaning, it will remove surface and bottom solids. This is beneficial because it means that sludge production will be reduced. The next phase of treatment is likely to go much better when microbes are used during the first phase.
The lagoon system is a lengthy process, taking several months to complete the cleaning of water. Methods vary by facilities because they all implement a process that works best for their location. Advanced treatments may be needed after the first two phases so that excess nutrients are removed.
The benefit to using microbes is that they are all natural and they make a very effective alternative to chemicals. This keeps the process of treating water cleaner and leads to less pollution in water sources. Studies have proven that this is the case and it is a popular choice for facilities that can implement it regularly.
Disposing of sludge is costly and time consuming, so by using microbes and reducing sludge production, it becomes a cost saving benefit as well. Sludge is the byproduct of treating this water and it needs to be filtered out at each stage of the process. It must be disposed of properly, and this takes time.
Microbes will easily remove sludge and slow or decrease its production at every phase. The microbial agents break down organic matter found in dirty water. The noxious vapors and odors that come from sludge are also reduced, which is good for air quality and pollution reduction.
Modern facilities are seeking out better alternatives and methods to treating water not only for the environmental benefits, but also to improve efficiency. Microbial wastewater treatment is very effective and contributes to lowered costs for facilities. It creates a more natural process without the use of harmful chemicals and therefore is very desirable for facilities of all sizes.
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