Many factors contribute to road safety. For motorists and other users one of the concerns in enhancing safety is the condition of the roads and highways. More importantly is the efforts made by the road safety agencies to maintain such a state on the roads. Therefore schemes like the learner LAMS bikes remains an important consideration for maintaining motorcyclist safety.
Generally first time drivers or riders are not as experienced and are prone to experiencing life threatening situations on the roads. As such these people require progressive licensing based on their experience. This is typical for motorcyclists who are considered at a higher risk. This may also involve using calibrated motorcycles to reduce the risk of accidents.
Powerful motorcycles have higher speeds and acceleration and so are a safety threat to first time riders. With such power the novice rider can easily lose control of the motorcycle and crash. For such apprentices less powerful motorcycles are considered appropriate because using them has a reduced chance of injury to the rider because of accidents. The safety promoted by using such cycles also covers other road users who may be at risk if the novice used a powerful cycle carelessly.
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To maintain safety the novice rider is required to start with the less powerful motorcycles. They are expected to ride this category for at least twelve months or within the provisional licensing period. After attaining this and based on their performance the rider can then proceed on to riding the more powerful motorcycles.
Engine capacity was traditionally linked to motorcycle power where a higher capacity was thought to imply a more powerful motorcycle. However this has long been disputed especially when it comes to determining an appropriate category for first time riders. Generally the power to weight ratio is currently considered and used which determines the categories of different motorcycles.
Using the ratio is more deterministic. The tare weight and the engine capacity are both determined by the motorcycle manufacturer. This is one of the factors used for this ratio. Additionally the weight of the rider can be averaged and added to the fuel weight. In general the formula to calculate this ratio takes the engine power dividing it by the total from the rider and fuel weights plus the tare weight. This is multiplied by one thousand to get the ratio in kilowatts. Normally the rider weight is estimated at eighty kilos and the fuel at ten kilos.
By using this ratio governmental and other road safety agencies are able to categorize motorcycles. Those suited for novice riders are required not to exceed one hundred and fifty kilowatts for every ton. Additionally such motorcycles are expected to have an engine capacity of not more than 660cc.
Considering that road user safety is critical and especially that for the rider the learner LAMS bikes scheme is an important implementation. The Australian government has implemented such a policy elaborately. This is ensuring that first time riders go through an induction period of up to twelve months using calibrated motorcycles. This is expected to reduce the fatalities that are a result of those novice riders who crash when using non standardized motorcycles.